Using messaging to send data between actors

The Leapp framework uses messages to send data to other actors that are executed afterward. Messages are defined through the models declared earlier. Actors can consume these messages and produce data based on their input.

As an example, the actors consume Hostname messages, resolve IPs for those hostnames, and create the ResolvedHostname model to send a new type of message.

Creating the ResolvedHostname model

Create the ResolvedHostname model by using the snactor tool.

$ snactor new-model ResolvedHostname

Assign the SystemInfoTopic to the new model and add two fields:

  • The name field represents the hostname.
  • The ips field contains a list of strings with IPv4 or IPv6 addresses.
from leapp.models import Model, fields
from leapp.topics import SystemInfoTopic

class ResolvedHostname(Model):
    topic = SystemInfoTopic
    name = fields.String()
    ips = fields.List(fields.String())

By default all fields which are not nullable e.g:


are required.

Creating a message consuming actor

Create a new actor that resolves the IPs for the hostnames:

$ snactor new-actor IpResolver

Import the ScanTag from leapp.tags, and the models Hostname and ResolvedHostname from leapp.models. To retrieve the Hostname messages to process their data, set it in the consumes tuple. The result will be ResolvedHostname, so set the type in the produces tuple.

The tags tuple gets extended with the ScanTag. Now, import the socket library.

To enable actors to consume messages, use the consume method, and pass the type of the message to be consumed. This is necessary to filter out the messages. In theory, all messages can be consumed, but it is not recommended. If you would like to change your code later and consume more types of messages, you might end up with unexpected results. Always specify the consume method for all types of messages to be consumed instead of retrieving all messages unfiltered.

Now, perform the resolving of the hostnames, and produce a new message.

See the example of the code:

import socket

from leapp.actors import Actor
from leapp.tags import ScanTag
from leapp.models import Hostname, ResolvedHostname

class IpResolver(Actor):
    No description is provided for the ip_resolver actor.
    name = 'ip_resolver'
    consumes = (Hostname,)
    produces = (ResolvedHostname,)
    tags = (ScanTag,)

    def process(self):"Starting to resolve hostnames")
        for hostname in self.consume(Hostname):
            resolved = socket.getaddrinfo(
          , None, 0, socket.SOCK_STREAM,
            # Filtering out link local IPv6 addresses which contain a %
            ips = [entry[4][0] for entry in resolved if not '%' in entry[4][0]]
            self.produce(ResolvedHostname(, ips=ips))

Storing messages in the repository data for reuse

The snactor framework tool saves the output of actors as locally stored messages, so that they can be consumed by other actors that are being developed.

To make the data consumable, run the actor producing the data with the –save-output option:

$ snactor run --save-output HostnameScanner

The output of the actor is stored in the local repository data file, and it can be used by other actors. To flush all saved messages from the repository database, run snactor messages clear.

Testing the new actor

With the input messages available and stored, the actor can be tested.

$ snactor run --print-output IpResolver
2018-04-03 09:01:40.114 INFO     PID: 28841 leapp: Logging has been initialized
2018-04-03 09:01:40.115 INFO     PID: 28841 leapp.repository.tutorial: New repository 'tutorial' initialized at /home/evilissimo/devel/tutorial
2018-04-03 09:01:40.166 INFO     PID: 28860 leapp.actors.ip_resolver: Starting to resolve hostnames
    "stamp": "2018-04-03T09:01:40.225635Z",
    "hostname": "actor-developer",
    "actor": "ip_resolver",
    "topic": "system_info",
    "context": "TESTING-CONTEXT",
    "message": {
      "hash": "5fa31cac2237248f7c40df6a0190cc6acdd8a06c53c593aac2d93b8b3db58a70",
      "data": "{\"ips\": [\"fd15:4ba5:5a2b:1003:b14d:ed7:6c03:76cd\", \"\"], \"name\": \"actor-developer\"}"
    "type": "ResolvedHostname"